Monday, November 2, 2015

The Minnesotan Taxation Structure on personal Income, Sales, Excise, and Real Estate

Almost all states impose tax depending on the business income derived from the state. How this income from a specific business is taxed will be determined in part by the business’ legal background. In most states, corporations are subject to a corporate income tax, while income from “pass-through entities” such as S corporations, limited liability companies (LLCs), partnerships, and sole proprietorships is subject to a state’s tax on personal income. Sales tax can also be imposed, but some states do not levy on items like clothing, some services, or food items for home consumption. Tax rates among states vary widely for both corporate income and personal income.

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 In Minnesota, taxation is slightly progressive. One could conclude that the state’s business-tax climate compares favorably with other states—even with South Dakota. Minnesota also ranks 4th highest among states levying an individual income tax at 9.8 percent. While there are state-wide tax laws that must be followed, the state legislature has made some exceptions and allowed municipalities to institute local sales taxes and special local taxes, such as the 0.5 percent supplemental sales tax in Minneapolis. The cities of St. Paul, Rochester, Duluth, and St. Cloud have same taxes. Excise taxes, meanwhile, are levied on alcohol, tobacco, motor fuel, and items purchased elsewhere but used within Minnesota.

Minnesota has two major taxes that apply to business entities: (1) a corporation income tax that applies to traditional (C-type) corporations and (2) a tax called the “minimum fee” that applies to traditional corporations, S corporations, LLCs, and partnerships.

Minnesotan property owners pay real estate tax to their county, municipality, school district, and special taxing districts. The overall state and local tax burden is calculated to average 11.9 percent in 2006, ranking 4th highest in the country.

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Banking and finance pundit Steve Liefschultz offers clients a diverse array of options on how they could maximize the value of their money. He is the CEO of Minnetonka, Minnesota-based Equity Bank. More on his credentials can be read here.